Turkey
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by Departures - Arrivals . com

- Turkey destinations resource pages -


Turkish
Airports

Ankara -ANK
Dalaman
Istanbul


Destination Turkey
- Turkiye Cumhuriyeti -

conventional long form: Republic of Turkey conventional short form: Turkey local long form: Turkiye Cumhuriyeti local short form: Turkiye

Present-day Turkey was created in 1923 from the Turkish remnants of the Ottoman Empire. Soon thereafter, the country instituted secular laws to replace traditional religious fiats. In 1945 Turkey joined the UN, and in 1952 it became a member of NATO. Turkey intervened militarily on Cyprus in 1974 to protect Turkish Cypriots and prevent a Greek takeover of the island; the northern 37 percent of the island remains under Turkish Cypriot control. Relations between the two countries remain strained, but have begun to improve over the past few years. In 1984, the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), a Marxist-Leninist, separatist group, initiated an insurgency in southeast Turkey, often using terrorist tactics to try to attain its goal of an independent Kurdistan. The group - whose leader, Abdullah OCALAN, was captured in Kenya in February 1999 - has observed a unilateral cease-fire since September 1999, although there have been occasional clashes between Turkish military units and some of the 4,000-5,000 armed PKK militants, most of whom currently are encamped in northern Iraq. The PKK changed its name to the Kurdistan Freedom and Democracy Congress (KADEK) in April 2002.

Border countries:

Armenia 268 km
Azerbaijan 9 km
Bulgaria 240 km
Georgia 252 km
Greece 206 km
Iran 499 km
Iraq 352 km
Syria 822 km

Coast line: 7,200 km

Airports:

Ankara -ANK
Dalaman
Istanbul


Area:

total: 780,580 sq km
water: 9,820 sq km
land: 770,760 sq km

Population:
68,109,469 (July 2003 est.)

Language:
Turkish (official)
Kurdish, Arabic, Armenian, Greek

Climate:
temperate; hot, dry summers with mild, wet winters; harsher in interior


  
Our tip:


world wide lounge accessCheck who flies to and from Turkey - low cost- and if waiting in a crowded airport doesn't appeal to you, check the Priority Pass for lounge access World-wide.who flies where - low cost
If you are travelling to or from the UK please don't forget to check our great offers in parking at the airport with up to 50% discount, or Hotel and Park as well as Meet and Greet. Great rates for city hotels all over the UK and London. We also have complete guides in how to get to and from UK airports by public transport.

 


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