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Destination Luxembourg
- Grand Duche de Luxembourg -

map of luxembourg
For a quick brief check The CIA Factbook

Conventional long form: Grand Duchy of Luxembourg conventional short form: Luxembourg local short form: Luxembourg local long form: Grand Duche de Luxembourg

Founded in 963, Luxembourg became a grand duchy in 1815 and an independent state under the Netherlands. It lost more than half of its territory to Belgium in 1839, but gained a larger measure of autonomy. Full independence was attained in 1867. Overrun by Germany in both World Wars, it ended its neutrality in 1948 when it entered into the Benelux Customs Union and when it joined NATO the following year. In 1957, Luxembourg became one of the six founding countries of the European Economic Community (later the European Union) and in 1999 it joined the euro currency area.


Border countries:

Belgium 148 km
France 73 km
Germany 138 km

Coast line: 0 km




total: 2,586 sq km
water: 0 sq km
land: 2,586 sq km

454,157 (July 2003 est.)

Luxembourgish (national language)
German (administrative language)
French (administrative language)

modified continental with mild winters, cool summers


Luxembourg quick guide

The country is divided into two clearly defined REGIONS:

The "Eislck" or 'Oesling' in the north, which is part of the Ardennes, on the western rim of the Eifel, and covers one-third of the territory. It is a wooded country of great scenic beauty. Highest point: 555 metres (1823 feet).

The 'Good country' in the centre and the south, covering the remainder of the territory, is mainly rolling farmland and woods. Average height: 270 metres (900 feet). Culminating point 426 metres (1400 feet). It is bordered in the east by the wine-producing valley of the Moselle, and in the extreme south west by a narrow strip of red earth which forms the Luxembourg iron-ore basin.

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